Bitrate Viewer v.2.2


This tool is functionally derived and rewritten from DVD-Lab PRO's integrated Bitrate Viewer with some additional enhancements and specials.The main concept of this tool is to analyze all MPEG material from which you can create DVD's directly with a DVD authoring tool and draw a graphical histogram from analysis. So it should be able to read all files that include a video track and that you can use as assets for an authoring tool. With the graphical output you can easily view the quality of your video files before you're outputting it to a DVD and so save a lot of money by avoiding the production of any bad stuff. That's the main reason Bitrate Viewer is written for. Maybe one of the best things of it: Bitrate Viewer is free software.Because the main interface to read and analyze MPEG frames is based on the (L)GPL FFMpeg library the tool can also read, analyze and display many other video codecs than MPEG1 and MPEG2. But don't complain if you supply a file other than the main types MPEG1 and MPEG2 in the case of not working or even crashing. This may happen from time to time.A second interface for reading MPEG's is integrated and used in Bitrate Viewer whose reason for existence is the pre-estimation of the frame count for an MPEG file just opened without reading it completely. This interface only treats MPEG1 and MPEG2 file types. When you open such a file, this interface estimates the frame count prior to the analysis so the tool can do a proper preview while reading and analyzing the rest of it - in most cases.You may find especially Panasonic's VRO demuxed files or other MPEG files with bad timestamps within. These markers will cause a bad frame count estimation. In those cases the preview will be bad scaled until the file is completely read.There are many different MPEG encoders out there and also many possibilities to interpret ISO/IEC MPEG specifications. Therefore it is a high level task to calculate or estimate the frame count of an MPEG file prior reading it completely. Basically the frame count estimation algorithm is optimized to finish its job within a second or less. On MPEG1/MPEG2 ES and PES files this can be accomplished normally within some hundred milliseconds (if you have the file of interest on a standard hard drive that can read at appropriate speed). If you open VOB files it may take longer than a second - but up to now it didn't ever exceed two seconds.Features :# Main Menu:The menu displayed right hand here is a blown up version of the dialog's system menu. Click onto the top left corner of the application's window frame to open it.# Drag & Drop:You can drag and drop selected files from Windows Explorer onto a running Bitrate Viewer's dialog so that the tool stops any currently analysis processing and tries to open your dropped file as the new source.# Double Size Mode:As of version 2.2 you can toggle/switch the main window's size twice its standard size. Many have asked for it and thus it allows a more detailed view within the bitrate grid. In version 2.2 it is still experimental. You will have the final feature with version 3.0.# 4 Calculation Algorithms:You can dynamically choose between the following bitrate calculation schemes: * Second based (standard): the bitrate peak and average values will be iterated after each second of consecutively reading frames. Use Ctrl-S to activate from any other setting. * GOP based: a bitrate peak value is generated after each GOP (Group of Pictures) processed. A GOP usually consists of 12 ... 15 frames on PAL systems and 15 ... 18 frames on NTSC systems. So the measurement interval is approx. half a second. But files that are using scene change detection or rudimentary cut-edited can have shorter GOP's than the standard size specified to the MPEG encoder. Consider having a GOP with only one I-frame then you'll get very high bitrate values that increase the average value and dominate the peak detection. Use Ctrl-G to activate this from any other setting. * Enhanced GOP based: This is a similar method as the GOP based setting. The difference is a weighted algorithm that counts the frames each GOP has and shifts a GOP that is less than half the standard GOP size into the next cycle of calculation. This gives a more harmonized result than the raw GOP based method. Use Ctrl-X to activate this from any other setting. * Single frame based: Since version 2.0 this method has been added to cover analysis and displaying of each single frame in a video file. We can't name this a real bitrate analysis method because no accumulation of bitrate measurement values is done here. Beside the bitrate average value which has to be the same of course as in the other methods the bitrate values displayed are those of each individual frame. Thus you will see extremely high values usually for I-frame pictures and quite low values for B-frame pictures. Use Ctrl-F to activate this method from any other setting. If the FFMpeg interface delivers the frame type information the frame type of the currently pointed frame is shown right hand to the current time display in the Cursor area. If the frame type is shown you can click on the frame type indicator to jump to the next or previous I-frame (see the commands section for details). Note: Using the single frame based method has the largest impact on system memory storage as all information needed for each frame is cached in core memory!Note that a video file has to be read again if you switch between these settings ... unless you reach the same setting again for the same file because of the ...# Bitrate Viewer Cache:Each video file successfully processed will be cached internally, i.e. the bitrate data only, not the video file itself. So if you switch between the calculation algorithm settings (s.a.) you get the next view redisplayed very fast after it has been processed once.# Indicator LED:When you open a file that is big enough to take at least some seconds to process at all you'll see an indicating blinking LED in the top left corner of the view window: * green The file being processed most likely is an elementary video stream that has GOP timecodes which were used at the beginning and the end of the file to calculate the frame count based on a fixed frame rate seen first in the file. This method of frame count can be unreliable (see below). * blue The file being processed has either PTS/DTS marks that were used to read out and calculate the frame count based on a fixed frame rate seen first in the file -or- the current file is a VOB which contains so called NAV packs (navigational directives) which were used to calculate the frame count also based on a fixed frame rate. * yellow Neither PTS/DTS nor NAV packs were found in the open file. Instead the SCR (system clock reference) values were found in PES packets and alternativly used to calculate the frame count. * red In this case the extended interface was not able to find either of those information markers mentioned. So there is a frame count prediction based on the file's size which is indeed not very accurate. * red New as of version 2.0 this LED indicates a cross check frame count estimation error in case when the green LED was previously shown while scanning the file, i.e. GOP timecode only is present in your file. A cross check is done regularly to see if the estimated frame count matches the amount of data read compared to its file size. If there is a mismatch then you obviously have a file that was cut improperly and therefore has corrupted timecode stamps.After the file has been processed the LED will either remain steady for a moment saying that the frame count prediction was fine or it turns into steady red with an additional text that displays the deviation in percent and absolute value.# Timecode status:The status of the indicator LED mentioned above will be displayed permanent below the MPEG layer and stream type on the left with an abbreviated note. You'll see either PTS or NAV for the blue LED, GOP for the green LED, SCR for the yellow LED. Additionally the string full tells you that the full video frame reader was used which automatically activates itself for files smaller than 11MB of size (you can deactivate this feature).If none of the conditions above do match the text n/a will be displayed, i.e. when the scondary MPEG interface could not be used. This will be the case for all files that don't meet MPEG1 or MPEG2 conditions.# CRC status display:For MPEG 2 PS and TS a CRC check is performed according to Annex A of the ISO/IEC MPEG specification during file header analysis. If a CRC error is detected you will have an additional status display on the left hand pane. Detection of CRC errors don't have any influence on the bitrate analysis itself - despite it can be that frame read errors may occur.# Program/PID display:MPEG 2 TS files can have multiple video and audio streams. Normally the first unscrambled/non-encrypted video stream will be selected by the interface to analyze. You will see an additional information display with the TS selected program number and PID. MPEG 4 TS and M2TS files can have multiple video and audio stream as well but the integrated interface doesn't make a check on it.# Marker lines:Two horizontal lines in the viewer window are predefined and always visible: A red maximum bitrate marker that normally shows up on 10,000kpbs to remind to the DVD spec's maximum and a black line in the middle of the view.When a file is analyzed an displayed you will also see two tick marks on the bottom: A red one that shows the position of the maximum bitrate found and a black one for the position of the minimum bitrate.You can also switch between three different horizontal markers: * green: Activate this one by pressing Ctrl-LeftClick to show the average bitrate value. * brown: This marker shows the value of the maximum bitrate. Activate it by Shift-LeftClick. * blue: Switch this one on with Alt-LeftClick. It shows the minimum bitrate value.By pressing all three modifiers together while clicking you'll switch all three markers on and off.# Cursor movement:When you move the mouse pointer over the viewer window a black vertical line will be displayed as a cursor that tracks your mouse movement within the histogram. Sometimes you may find that bothering ... so a Alt-RightClick with the mouse will hide the cursor or make it re-appear. To mark an interesting position as permanent in the histogram use Ctrl-RightClick to freeze the cursor at its current position. Press again to unlock the cursor. Since version 2.1 you can approximately move the cursor one second or minute left or right from its current position. Use LeftClick or RightClick on the right hand current time display to step a second and Ctrl-LeftClick or Ctrl-RightClick to step a minute away. Exactness of movement depends on the current scale/zoom of the view and the TV system of the file. You can easier step an exact second in a PAL file than on NTSC.# Scaling:The standard display scale can show a maximum of something more than 10,000kbps. You may have DV files which much more than that or MPEG4 files that have much less than even 2,000kbps. To scale such a file properly use a LeftDoubleClick in the viewer window and it will be done so. If auto-scaling is active you will notice as of version 2.1 also the preview window will adapt to the current needed scale while reading a file.# GOP information:During frame count estimation the first GOP (Group of Pictures) and the last GOP of a file is read if found and analyzed. On MPEG files a re-ordering of B-frames will occur to get the correct playback sequence of all frames. Frame re-ordering and the position of the individual frame PTS are important facts to calculate an accurate frame count. You can display the status of these two GOP's by moving the mouse pointer onto the top left corner of the viewer window. The status displayed will show both GOP's if available and their associated flags (open GOP by 'o', closed GOP by 'c' and a 'b' beneath for a broken link or a dash in the normal case when the link is not broken). The frame letters ('I', 'P' or 'B') shown are in raw decoding order of the file being analyzed. Never found but also detected are D-frames. If you see a '0' in the frame string then the frame header did not specify a frame type. A '?' in this list is the result of a crashed frame header. Frames with a value of '0' or '?' will not be counted as proper frames.You can copy this text displayed to the clipboard if needed. Just press the RightClick within the text subwindow and select the clipboard function from context menu.For more information about frame headers and frame re-ordering please refer to the ISO/IEC MPEG specification.# Multiple instances:The tool is a simple Windows dialog ... but if you are really frightened to switch between many files and have to read and analyze them all the time - you don't need that. Notice that a small tray icon is installed after starting the tool. In its context menu you can dlT¬Duplicate current instancedlTz as often as you need it. Some handling for multiple instances you will find in this context menu - just RightClick it.# Gradient color display:With the standard setting the viewer window will show the bitrate sample values in gradient colors and the caption headers right beneath the viewer window are painted in gradient colors as well. By pressing Shift-RightClick or Ctrl-C you can change the display type into fixed colors for the viewer window and with Ctrl-D for the caption headers. These commands are toggle switches.# Multi-zoom mode:Since version 2.0 you can zoom a marked area within the viewer window several times downto a single sample depth view. Mark a zoomable area within any calculation method by LeftClicking and dragging and activate to zoom to this area by a RightClick into the marked areaFile load progress barFrom version 2.0 onwards you'll see a load progress bar at the bottom of the viewer window. So especially in cases like those of which you see the screenshot on the right side where the pre-load frame count estimated doesn't match the file size in progress. The percent value shown on the window bar is based on the frames read vs. frame count estimated and the progress status bar on the bottom is based on percentage of the file size already read vs. total file size. The example here is taken from a demuxed VOB file that has only GOP timecode because it's an elementary stream now ... and the original file was cut-edited with a raw MPEG editor, so the timecode stamps in the file are not correct which leads to a wrong frame count estimation. The last GOP timecode is of about 12 minutes and the real frame count makes up only 3 minutes.Experimentally as of version 2.0 a cross check of the estimated frame count (for GOP timecode analyzed files) against the file size and current file position read is done which should avoid the shown effect of this screenshot. Therefore the preview of a file loaded should be more in sync to the final view when the file is fully analyzed. A feedback to this behaviour is kindly appreciated and requested.

This tool is functionally derived and ...

count, files, based, window, video, version, interface, viewer, current, values, display

  • Bitrate Viewer
  • 2.2
  • WinXP, Win2003, Win2000, Win Vista, Windows 7
  • Freeware
  • 4.92 Mb
  • 468
  • Free

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